Today is Shavuot and I listened to Nehemia Gordon a very well studied Bible and Hebrew scholar.
The Hebrew word shavuot means “week” and is rooted from the word “shava = שבץ”, which is also the root of the Hebrew word for oath “shevua = שבץ”. So here we have a firm connection between the word week and the word oath.
From the Bible we learn that the Feast of Weeks, which is Shavuot is to be kept in the third month of God’s calendar (after we have counted the seven weeks from the Feast of Firstfruits, which is during the week of Unleavened Bread after the day of Passover.) Why is this important?
The giving of the 10 commandments on Mount Sinai also happened in the third month as we can see in Exodus 19.
Now to the covenant:
A covenant is always done with an oath.
YeHoVaH speaks of “MY covenant” when HE gives the ten commandments (Ex 19:5). This phrase “MY covenant” occurs 284 times in the Tanakh (= old testament). It begins with the covenant YeHoVaH establishes with Noah in Ge 6:18 etc, then with Abraham (Ge 17), Isaac and Jakob (Ex 2:24).
On Mt. Sinai the terms of the covenant are being more specified through the giving of the whole Torah, written down by Moses.
This covenant is mentioned again in Ezekiel 16:8 in a different manner. YeHoVaH also uses the phrase “spread My skirt over you” in this verse, which relates to the threshing floor scene of Ruth (Ruth 3:) (Jews traditionally read the book of Ruth at the Feast of Shavuot). With Ezekiel 16:8 in mind we can see that Ruth, being a gentile, is actually requesting to come under YeHoVaH’s covenant with His chosen people – chosen on Mount Sinai. (Please remember the majority of humans present on Mt. Sinai were not bloodline Israelites. The covenant was and is open to anyone who so desires).
Another example for the covenant is in Jeremiah 34, specifically in Verse 14 with the breaking of the Sh’mita, the Sabbatical seventh year. The term “My covenant” occurs in verse 18.
Again we can see throughout the Tanakh that YeHoVaH established only ONE covenant with mankind. YeHoVaH revealed more details of HIS covenant with mankind throughout the Bible but the covenant itself never changed not even with the death of Yeshua on the cross. On the cross the covenant was RENEWED, made new, because it had been broken. It is still the very same covenant.
For I, YeHoVaH, change not Malachi 3:6
Yeshua died for our sins before humans were ever created:
… the Lamb having been slain from the foundation of the world Rev 13:8
That which has been, is that which shall be. And that which has been done, is that which shall be done. And there is no new thing under the sun. Is there a thing of which one might say, See this, it is new? It has already been for the ages which were before us. Ecc 1:9-10